Euripides, The Trojan Women

Euripides, The Trojan Women

Euripides, The Trojan Women / or Troades

First edition
Title of first edition
Ευριπίδη, Τρωάδες

Euripides's play, produced in 415 BC, follows the fates of the women of Troy after their city has been sacked, their husbands killed, and those who survived from their families, mostly the youngsters, are about to be taken away as slaves by the victorious Greeks. The tragedy begins with the gods Athena and Poseidon discussing ways to punish the Greek armies because they condoned Ajax the Lesser for raping Cassandra, the eldest daughter of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, after dragging her from a statue of Athena. What follows shows how much the Trojan women have suffered as their grief is compounded when the Greeks dole out additional murders and divide their shares of women.

The Trojan Women was the third part of a trilogy (Alexandros, Palamedes, Troades) presented to the Athenian audience in the theater of Dionysus during the same day together with the satiric play Sisyphos.

Key words
Ancient Greek sources.
Athena, goddess.
Captives, captivity.
Classical period.
Greek mythology.
Hecuba, mythology.
Homer, Iliad.
Massacre, massacres.
Peloponnesian War.
Poseidon, god.
Theater, ancient.
Trojan heroes.
Trojan War.